National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Lightning Safety for Athletics and Recreation
Walsh, Katie M.; Bennett, Brian; Cooper, Mary Ann; Holle, Ronald L.; Kithil, Richard; Lopez, Raul E.
Objective: To educate athletic trainers and others about the dangers of lightning, provide lightning-safety guidelines, define safe structures and locations, and advocate prehospital care for lightning-strike victims. Background: Lightning may be the most frequently encountered severe-storm hazard endangering physically active people each year. Millions of lightning flashes strike the ground annually in the United States, causing nearly 100 deaths and 400 injuries. Three quarters of all lightning casualties occur between May and September, and nearly four fifths occur between 10:00 AM and 7:00 PM, which coincides with the hours for most athletic or recreational activities. Additionally, lightning casualties from sports and recreational activities have risen alarmingly in recent decades. Recommendations: The National Athletic Trainers' Association recommends a proactive approach to lightning safety, including the implementation of a lightning-safety policy that identifies safe locations for shelter from the lightning hazard. Further components of this policy are monitoring local weather forecasts, designating a weather watcher, and establishing a chain of command. Additionally, a flash-to-bang count of 30 seconds or more should be used as a minimal determinant of when to suspend activities. Waiting 30 minutes or longer after the last flash of lightning or sound of thunder is recommended before athletic or recreational activities are resumed. Lightningsafety strategies include avoiding shelter under trees, avoiding open fields and spaces, and suspending the use of land-line telephones during thunderstorms. Also outlined in this document are the prehospital care guidelines for triaging and treating lightning-strike victims. It is important to evaluate victims quickly for apnea, asystole, hypothermia, shock, fractures, and burns. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is effective in resuscitating pulseless victims of lightning strike. Maintenance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and first-aid certification should be required of all persons involved in sports and recreational activities. Originally published Journal of Athletic Training, Vol. 35, No. 4, Oct-Dec 2000
Walsh, Katie M., & Bennett, Brian, & Cooper, Mary Ann, & Holle, Ronald L., & Kithil, Richard, & Lopez, Raul E.. (October 2000). National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Lightning Safety for Athletics and Recreation. Journal of Athletic Training, 35(4), 471- 477. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3134
Walsh, Katie M., and Bennett, Brian, and Cooper, Mary Ann, and Holle, Ronald L., and Kithil, Richard, and Lopez, Raul E.. "National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Lightning Safety for Athletics and Recreation". Journal of Athletic Training. 35:4. (471-477), October 2000. September 19, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3134.
Walsh, Katie M. and Bennett, Brian and Cooper, Mary Ann and Holle, Ronald L. and Kithil, Richard and Lopez, Raul E., "National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Lightning Safety for Athletics and Recreation," Journal of Athletic Training 35, no. 4 (October 2000), http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3134 (accessed September 19, 2018).
Walsh, Katie M., Bennett, Brian, Cooper, Mary Ann, Holle, Ronald L., Kithil, Richard, Lopez, Raul E.. National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Lightning Safety for Athletics and Recreation. Journal of Athletic Training. October 2000; 35(4): 471-477. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3134. Accessed September 19, 2018.
East Carolina University