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Alveolar macrophages of GM-CSF knockout mice exhibit mixed M1 and M2 phenotypes
Background Activin A is a pleiotrophic regulatory cytokine, the ablation of which is neonatal lethal. Healthy human alveolar macrophages (AMs) constitutively express activin A, but AMs of patients with pulmonary alveolar ...
Rituximab therapy in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis improves alveolar macrophage lipid homeostasis
Rationale Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) patients exhibit an acquired deficiency of biologically active granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) attributable to GM-CSF specific autoantibodies. PAP ...