Synergistic Proapoptotic Activity of Recombinant Trail Plus the AKT Inhibitor Perifosine in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Cells
Tazzari, Pier Luigi; Tabellini, Giovanna; Ricci, Francesca; Papa, Veronica; Bortul, Roberta; Chiarini, Francesca; Evangelisti, Camilla; Martinelli, Giovanni; Bontadini, Andrea; Cocco, Lucio; McCubrey, James A.; Martelli, Alberto M.
To potentiate the response of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells to TNF-Related Apoptosis- Inducing Ligand (TRAIL) cytotoxicity, we have examined the efficacy of a combination with perifosine, a novel phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling inhibitor. The rationale for using such a combination is that perifosine was recently described to increase TRAIL-R2 receptor expression and decrease the cellular FLICE-Inhibitory Protein (cFLIP) in human lung cancer cell lines. Perifosine and TRAIL both induced cell death by apoptosis in the THP-1 AML cell line, which is characterized by constitutive PI3K/Akt activation, but lacks functional p53. Perifosine, at concentrations below IC50, dephosphorylated Akt and increased TRAIL-R2 levels, as demonstrated by western blot, RT-PCR, and flow cytometric analysis. Perifosine also decreased the long isoform of cFLIP (cFLIP-L) and the X-linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein (XIAP) expression. Perifosine and TRAIL synergized to activate caspase-8 and induce apoptosis, which was blocked by a caspase- 8 selective inhibitor. Upregulation of TRAIL-R2 expression was dependent on a protein kinase Cα/ c-Jun-NH2-kinase 2/c-Jun signaling pathway activated by perifosine through reactive oxygen species production. Perifosine synergized with TRAIL also in primary AML cells displaying constitutive activation of the Akt pathway, by inducing apoptosis, Akt dephosphorylation, TRAIL-R2 upregulation, cFLIP-L and XIAP downregulation, and c-Jun phosphorylation. The combined treatment negatively affected the clonogenic activity of CD34+ cells from AML patients. In contrast, CD34+ cells from healthy donors were resistant to perifosine and TRAIL treatment. Our findings suggest that the combination perifosine and TRAIL might offer a novel therapeutic strategy for AML. Originally published Cancer Research, Vol. 68, No. 22, Nov 2008
Tazzari, Pier Luigi, & Tabellini, Giovanna, & Ricci, Francesca, & Papa, Veronica, & Bortul, Roberta, & Chiarini, Francesca, & Evangelisti, Camilla, & Martinelli, Giovanni, & Bontadini, Andrea, & Cocco, Lucio, & McCubrey, James A., & Martelli, Alberto M.. (November 2008). Synergistic Proapoptotic Activity of Recombinant Trail Plus the AKT Inhibitor Perifosine in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Cells. Cancer Research, 68(22), 9394- 9403. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3129
Tazzari, Pier Luigi, and Tabellini, Giovanna, and Ricci, Francesca, and Papa, Veronica, and Bortul, Roberta, and Chiarini, Francesca, and Evangelisti, Camilla, and Martinelli, Giovanni, and Bontadini, Andrea, and Cocco, Lucio, and McCubrey, James A., and Martelli, Alberto M.. "Synergistic Proapoptotic Activity of Recombinant Trail Plus the AKT Inhibitor Perifosine in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Cells". Cancer Research. 68:22. (9394-9403), November 2008. February 16, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3129.
Tazzari, Pier Luigi and Tabellini, Giovanna and Ricci, Francesca and Papa, Veronica and Bortul, Roberta and Chiarini, Francesca and Evangelisti, Camilla and Martinelli, Giovanni and Bontadini, Andrea and Cocco, Lucio and McCubrey, James A. and Martelli, Alberto M., "Synergistic Proapoptotic Activity of Recombinant Trail Plus the AKT Inhibitor Perifosine in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Cells," Cancer Research 68, no. 22 (November 2008), http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3129 (accessed February 16, 2019).
Tazzari, Pier Luigi, Tabellini, Giovanna, Ricci, Francesca, Papa, Veronica, Bortul, Roberta, Chiarini, Francesca, Evangelisti, Camilla, Martinelli, Giovanni, Bontadini, Andrea, Cocco, Lucio, McCubrey, James A., Martelli, Alberto M.. Synergistic Proapoptotic Activity of Recombinant Trail Plus the AKT Inhibitor Perifosine in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Cells. Cancer Research. November 2008; 68(22): 9394-9403. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3129. Accessed February 16, 2019.
East Carolina University