Comparative impacts of two major hurricane seasons on the Neuse River and western Pamlico Sound ecosystems
Burkholder, JoAnn; Eggleston, David; Glasgow, Howard; Brownie, Cavell; Reed, Robert; Janowitz, Gerald; Posey, Martin; Melia, Greg; Kinder, Carol; Corbett, D. Reide; Toms, David; Alphin, Troy; Deamer, Nora; Springer, Jeffrey
Ecosystem-level impacts of two hurricane seasons were compared several years after the storms in the largest lagoonal estuary in the U.S., the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuarine System. A segmented linear regression flow model was developed to compare mass-water transport and nutrient loadings to a major artery, the Neuse River Estuary (NRE), and to estimate mean annual versus storm-related volume delivery to the NRE and Pamlico Sound. Significantly less water volume was delivered by Hurricane Fran (1996), but massive fish kills occurred in association with severe dissolved oxygen deficits and high contaminant loadings (total nitrogen, total phos- phorus, suspended solids, and fecal bacteria). The high water volume of the second hurricane season (Hurricanes Dennis, Floyd, and Irene in 1999) delivered generally comparable but more dilute contaminant loads, and no major fish kills were reported. There were no discernable long-term adverse impacts on water quality. Populations of undesirable organisms, such as toxic dinoflagellates, were displaced down-estuary to habitats less conducive for growth. The response of fisheries was species-dependent: there was no apparent impact of the hurricanes on commercial landings of bivalve molluscs or shrimp. In contrast, interacting effects of hurricane floodwaters in 1999 and intensive fishing pressure led to striking reductions in blue crabs. Overall, the data support the premise that, in shallow estuaries frequently disturbed by hurricanes, there can be relatively rapid recovery in water quality and biota, and benefit from the scouring activity of these storms. Originally published Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 101, No. 25, June 2004
Burkholder, JoAnn, & Eggleston, David, & Glasgow, Howard, & Brownie, Cavell, & Reed, Robert, & Janowitz, Gerald, & Posey, Martin, & Melia, Greg, & Kinder, Carol, & Corbett, D. Reide, & Toms, David, & Alphin, Troy, & Deamer, Nora, & Springer, Jeffrey. (June 2004). Comparative impacts of two major hurricane seasons on the Neuse River and western Pamlico Sound ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101(25), 9291- 9296. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3233
Burkholder, JoAnn, and Eggleston, David, and Glasgow, Howard, and Brownie, Cavell, and Reed, Robert, and Janowitz, Gerald, and Posey, Martin, and Melia, Greg, and Kinder, Carol, and Corbett, D. Reide, and Toms, David, and Alphin, Troy, and Deamer, Nora, and Springer, Jeffrey. "Comparative impacts of two major hurricane seasons on the Neuse River and western Pamlico Sound ecosystems". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 101:25. (9291-9296), June 2004. July 17, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3233.
Burkholder, JoAnn and Eggleston, David and Glasgow, Howard and Brownie, Cavell and Reed, Robert and Janowitz, Gerald and Posey, Martin and Melia, Greg and Kinder, Carol and Corbett, D. Reide and Toms, David and Alphin, Troy and Deamer, Nora and Springer, Jeffrey, "Comparative impacts of two major hurricane seasons on the Neuse River and western Pamlico Sound ecosystems," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101, no. 25 (June 2004), http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3233 (accessed July 17, 2018).
Burkholder, JoAnn, Eggleston, David, Glasgow, Howard, Brownie, Cavell, Reed, Robert, Janowitz, Gerald, Posey, Martin, Melia, Greg, Kinder, Carol, Corbett, D. Reide, Toms, David, Alphin, Troy, Deamer, Nora, Springer, Jeffrey. Comparative impacts of two major hurricane seasons on the Neuse River and western Pamlico Sound ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. June 2004; 101(25): 9291-9296. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3233. Accessed July 17, 2018.
East Carolina University