Characterization of the Vaccinia Virus A35R Protein and Its Role in Virulence
Roper, Rachel L.
The vaccinia virus A35R gene is highly conserved among poxviruses and encodes a previously uncharacterized hydrophobic acidic protein. Western blotting with anti-A35R peptide antibodies indicated that the protein is expressed early in infection and resolved as a single sharp band of 23 kDa, slightly higher than the 20 kDa predicted from its sequence. The protein band appeared to be the same molecular weight on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, whether expressed in an in vitro transcription/translation system without microsomes or expressed in infected cells, suggesting that it was not glycosylated. A mutant virus with the A35R gene deleted (vA35 ) formed wild-type-sized plaques on all cell lines tested (human, monkey, mouse, and rabbit); thus, A35R is not required for replication and does not appear to be a host range gene. Although the A35R protein is hydrophobic, it is unlikely to be an integral membrane protein, as it partitioned to the aqueous phase during TX-114 partitioning. The protein could not be detected in virus-infected cell supernatants. A35R localized intracellularly to the virus factories, where the first stages of morphogenesis occur. The vA35 mutant formed near-normal levels of the various morphogenic stages of infectious virus particles and supported normal acid-induced fusion of virus-infected cells. Despite normal growth and morphogenesis in vitro, the vA35 mutant virus was attenuated in intranasal challenge of mice compared to wild-type and A35R rescue virus. Thus, the intracellular A35R protein plays a role in virulence. The A35R has little homology to any protein outside of poxviruses, suggesting a novel virulence mechanism. Originally published Journal of Virology, Vol. 80, No. 1, Jan 2006
Roper, Rachel L.. (January 2006). Characterization of the Vaccinia Virus A35R Protein and Its Role in Virulence. Journal of Virology, (80:1), p.306-313. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3082
Roper, Rachel L.. "Characterization of the Vaccinia Virus A35R Protein and Its Role in Virulence". Journal of Virology. 80:1. (306-313.), January 2006. April 23, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3082.
Roper, Rachel L., "Characterization of the Vaccinia Virus A35R Protein and Its Role in Virulence," Journal of Virology 80, no. 1 (January 2006), http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3082 (accessed April 23, 2021).
Roper, Rachel L.. Characterization of the Vaccinia Virus A35R Protein and Its Role in Virulence. Journal of Virology. January 2006; 80(1) 306-313. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3082. Accessed April 23, 2021.
East Carolina University