The best of both worlds? A review of delayed selfing in flowering plants
Goodwillie, Carol; Weber, Jennifer J.
PREMISE OF STUDY: In a seminal body of theory, Lloyd showed that the fitness consequences of selfing will depend on its timing in anthesis. Selfing that occurs after opportunities for outcrossing or pollen dispersal can provide reproductive assurance when pollinators are limited and is expected to incur little cost, even when inbreeding depression is high. As a result, delayed selfing is often interpreted as a “best-of-both-worlds” mating system that combines the advantages of selfing and outcrossing. METHODS: We surveyed 65 empirical studies of delayed selfing, recording floral mechanisms and examining information on inbreeding depression, autofertility, and other parameters to test the support for delayed selfing as a best-of-both-worlds strategy. KEY RESULTS: Phylogenetic distribution of the diverse floral mechanisms suggests that some basic floral structures may predispose plant taxa to evolve delayed selfing. Delayed selfing appears to serve as a best-of-both-worlds strategy in some but not all species. While the capacity for autonomous selfing is often high, it is lower, in some cases, than in related species with earlier modes of selfing. In other delayed-selfers, low inbreeding depression and reduced investment in corollas and pollen suggest limited benefits from outcrossing. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a growing literature on the subject, experimental evidence for delayed selfing is limited and major gaps in knowledge remain, particularly with respect to the stability of delayed selfing and the conditions that may favor transitions between delayed and earlier selfing. Finally, we suggest a potential role of delayed selfing in facilitating transitions from self-incompatibility to selfing.
Goodwillie, Carol, & Weber, Jennifer J.. (April 2018). The best of both worlds? A review of delayed selfing in flowering plants. American Journal of Botany, (105:4), p.641-655. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10342/7746
Goodwillie, Carol, and Weber, Jennifer J.. "The best of both worlds? A review of delayed selfing in flowering plants". American Journal of Botany. 105:4. (641-655.), April 2018. September 20, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/7746.
Goodwillie, Carol and Weber, Jennifer J., "The best of both worlds? A review of delayed selfing in flowering plants," American Journal of Botany 105, no. 4 (April 2018), http://hdl.handle.net/10342/7746 (accessed September 20, 2020).
Goodwillie, Carol, Weber, Jennifer J.. The best of both worlds? A review of delayed selfing in flowering plants. American Journal of Botany. April 2018; 105(4) 641-655. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/7746. Accessed September 20, 2020.