Assessment of Spatial Variation of Groundwater Quality in a Mining Basin
Alexander, Augustina Clara; Ndambuki, Julius; Salim, Ramadhan; Manda, Alex
Assessment of groundwater quality is vital for the sustainable safe use of this inimitable resource. However, describing the overall groundwater quality condition—particularly in a mining basin—is more complicated due to the spatial variability of multiple contaminants and the wide range of indicators found in these areas. This study applies a geographic information system (GIS)-based groundwater quality index (GQI) to assess water quality in a mining basin. The study synthesized nine different water quality parameters available—nitrate, sulphate, chloride, sodium, magnesium, calcium, dissolved mineral solids, potassium, and floride (NO−, SO2−, Cl−, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, DMS, 34 K+ and F−)—from 90 boreholes across the basin by indexing them numerically relative to the World Health Organization standards. The study compared data from 2006 and 2011. The produced map indicated a lower GQI of 67 in 2011 compared to 72 in 2006. The maximum GQI of 84.4 calculated using only three parameters (Mg2+, K+ and F−) compared well with the GQI of 84.6 obtained using all nine parameters. A noticeable declining groundwater quality trend was observed in most parts of the basin, especially in the south-western and the northern parts of the basin. The temporal variation between the GQIs for 2006 and 2011 indicated variable groundwater quality (coefficient of variation = 15–30%) in areas around the mining field, and even more variability (coefficient of variation >30%) in the south-western and eastern parts of the basin.
Alexander, Augustina Clara, & Ndambuki, Julius, & Salim, Ramadhan, & Manda, Alex. (May 2017). Assessment of Spatial Variation of Groundwater Quality in a Mining Basin. Sustainability, (9:5), p.. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10342/8044
Alexander, Augustina Clara, and Ndambuki, Julius, and Salim, Ramadhan, and Manda, Alex. "Assessment of Spatial Variation of Groundwater Quality in a Mining Basin". Sustainability. 9:5. (.), May 2017. September 20, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/8044.
Alexander, Augustina Clara and Ndambuki, Julius and Salim, Ramadhan and Manda, Alex, "Assessment of Spatial Variation of Groundwater Quality in a Mining Basin," Sustainability 9, no. 5 (May 2017), http://hdl.handle.net/10342/8044 (accessed September 20, 2020).
Alexander, Augustina Clara, Ndambuki, Julius, Salim, Ramadhan, Manda, Alex. Assessment of Spatial Variation of Groundwater Quality in a Mining Basin. Sustainability. May 2017; 9(5) . http://hdl.handle.net/10342/8044. Accessed September 20, 2020.