Airway observations during upper endoscopy predicting obstructive sleep apnea
Harvin, Glenn; Ali, Eslam; Raina, Amit; Leland, William; Abid, Sabeen; Vahora, Zahid; Movahed, Hossein; Kachru, Sumyra; Tee, Rick
Background This pilot study examined airway characteristics during upper endoscopy to determine who is at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea. Methods Patients undergoing routine upper endoscopy were divided into 2 groups according to the Berlin Questionnaire (high and low risk for sleep disordered breathing). Patients underwent routine upper endoscopy using propofol sedation. The airway was then evaluated for no, partial, or complete collapse at the levels of the palate/uvula/tonsils, the tongue base, the hypopharynx, and the larynx. They were given a score of 0 for no collapse, 1 for partial collapse, and 2 for complete collapse. The score for each of these levels was added to give a total score or severity index. The larynx was also evaluated for lateral pharyngeal collapse (minimal, up to 50%, >50%, or 100%). Results We found that patients with a partial obstruction at the level of the palate/uvula/tonsils, tongue base, hypopharynx, or larynx, or complete obstruction at any level more often had a positive Berlin questionnaire. Patients with a positive Berlin questionnaire were more often of increased weight (mean 197 vs 175 lbs, P=0.19), increased body mass index (31.2 vs 27.42 kg/m2, P=0.11), increased neck circumference (36.7 vs 34.7 cm, P=0.23), and had a higher total airway score (2.61 vs 1.67, P=0.09). Conclusions The results of our pilot study represent preliminary data regarding the use of upper endoscopy as a potential tool to evaluate patients for obstructive sleep apnea.
Harvin, Glenn, & Ali, Eslam, & Raina, Amit, & Leland, William, & Abid, Sabeen, & Vahora, Zahid, & Movahed, Hossein, & Kachru, Sumyra, & Tee, Rick. (June 2016). Airway observations during upper endoscopy predicting obstructive sleep apnea. Annals of Gastroenterology, (29:4), p.481–486. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10342/8452
Harvin, Glenn, and Ali, Eslam, and Raina, Amit, and Leland, William, and Abid, Sabeen, and Vahora, Zahid, and Movahed, Hossein, and Kachru, Sumyra, and Tee, Rick. "Airway observations during upper endoscopy predicting obstructive sleep apnea". Annals of Gastroenterology. 29:4. (481–486.), June 2016. April 14, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/8452.
Harvin, Glenn and Ali, Eslam and Raina, Amit and Leland, William and Abid, Sabeen and Vahora, Zahid and Movahed, Hossein and Kachru, Sumyra and Tee, Rick, "Airway observations during upper endoscopy predicting obstructive sleep apnea," Annals of Gastroenterology 29, no. 4 (June 2016), http://hdl.handle.net/10342/8452 (accessed April 14, 2021).
Harvin, Glenn, Ali, Eslam, Raina, Amit, Leland, William, Abid, Sabeen, Vahora, Zahid, Movahed, Hossein, Kachru, Sumyra, Tee, Rick. Airway observations during upper endoscopy predicting obstructive sleep apnea. Annals of Gastroenterology. June 2016; 29(4) 481–486. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/8452. Accessed April 14, 2021.