Dehiscence and embolization of CorMatrix tricuspid valve replacement in the setting of infective endocarditis: a case report

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Date

2018-01-31

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Authors

Tomdio, Anna N.
Moey, Melissa Y.Y.
Siddiqui, Irfan
Movahed, Assad

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Abstract

Background: Due to increased morbidity and mortality, prosthetic valve infective endocarditis (IE) with dehiscence requires urgent intervention. Early identification and therapy may prevent embolization. Case summary: A 27-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of hepatitis C, intravenous drug abuse, and tricuspid valve (TV) replacement was admitted for recurrent IE. She was found to have bacteraemia and fungaemia, and empiric antibiotics were initiated. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) revealed a mobile ‘mass’ on the TV and dehiscence. The patient developed cardiogenic shock and repeat TTE showed a ruptured TV and absence of the ‘mass’, suspicious of embolization. She underwent emergent surgery with TV replacement using a Biocor valve and retrieval of the old CorMatrix valve found in the right mid pulmonary artery (PA). The patient was successfully weaned off inotropic agents and completed a prolonged course of antibiotics and anti-fungals. Discussion: The multi-disciplinary decision on timing of surgical intervention was challenging, especially due to ongoing mycobacterial infection that increased operative risk. With clinical deterioration, urgent surgery was performed revealing an embolized prosthetic valve in the PA. New surgical options for TV replacement in IE with extracellular-based material have shown promising outcomes with little reported data of long term complications. This case demonstrates a rare occurrence of embolized CorMatrix TV and highlights the challenge in timing of appropriate surgical intervention in a septic patient with thrombocytopenia.

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Keywords

Case report, Infective endocarditis, CorMatrix valve, Tricuspid valve, Bacteraemia, Cardiogenic shock, Sepsis

Citation

DOI

10.1093/ehjcr/yty086

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