Elusive left ventricular thrombus: Diagnostic role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging-A case report and review of the literature

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Siddiqui, Irfan
Nguyen, Tin
Movahed, Assad
Kabirdas, Deepa

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Identification of left ventricular mural thrombus (LVT) may be challenging depending on the imaging modality used. We present a case of LVT which was incidentally identified on cine cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). A sixty-four years old female presented with worsening dyspnea on exertion with troponin elevation. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed a dilated left ventricle (LV) and ejection fraction (EF 30%) with thinning and akinesis of inferior/inferolateral wall was noted with basal and mid inferior wall aneurysm, and thrombus was not identified. CMR done to ascertain viability of myocardium revealed a mural thrombus within basal inferior aneurysm. This was not visualized on transthoracic echocardiography with and without use of contrast. She underwent coronary artery bypass grafting, bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement, resection and plication of posterior left ventricular aneurysm with removal of mural thrombus, and was started on anticoagulation with warfarin post-operatively for the apical thrombi. Cardiac magnetic resonance is a well suited imaging modality in detecting LVT due to its high resolution images and is more reproducible than TTE. In our patient, conventional TTE despite administration of echo-contrast agents failed to diagnose the presence of LVT in the basal inferior aneurysm as well as the apical thrombi. Delayed-enhancement CMR provides the greatest sensitivity for detection of left ventricular thrombus, superior to standard transthoracic and contrast-enhanced transthoracic echocardiography.