Behind the stripes: female football officials’ experiences
Nordstrom, Heidi; Warner, Stacy; Barnes, John C.
This study focused on the work-related experiences of eight female American football officials. The purpose was to gain a holistic perspective of women’s experiences working in the male-dominated career of sport officiating. Previous literature has examined sports officials in regards to retention, recruitment, and safety, but relatively little research has focused specifically on female football officials. Using a phenomenological approach, a series of in-depth interviews were conducted with each participant. After thoroughly analysing the data using open, axial, and selective coding methods, the following four themes emerged: 1) gendered experiences; 2) sense of community; 3) mentoring; 4) passion for officiating and football. The findings lend practical insight that can be used to assist officiating associations with their recruitment and retention, as well as add to the literature on gender equity in sport and on females working in male-dominated careers.
Nordstrom, Heidi, & Warner, Stacy, & Barnes, John C.. (November 2016). Behind the stripes: female football officials’ experiences. , (), - . Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10342/5824
Nordstrom, Heidi, and Warner, Stacy, and Barnes, John C.. "Behind the stripes: female football officials’ experiences". . . (), November 2016. September 27, 2023. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/5824.
Nordstrom, Heidi and Warner, Stacy and Barnes, John C., "Behind the stripes: female football officials’ experiences," , no. (November 2016), http://hdl.handle.net/10342/5824 (accessed September 27, 2023).
Nordstrom, Heidi, Warner, Stacy, Barnes, John C.. Behind the stripes: female football officials’ experiences. . November 2016; (): . http://hdl.handle.net/10342/5824. Accessed September 27, 2023.