DELINEATING THE MECHANISM OF AGGREGATE OR BIOFILM FORMATION IN THE LYME DISEASE SPIROCHETE BORRELIA BURGDORFERI
This item will be available on: 2024-07-01
Borrelia burgdorferi, the spirochete causing Lyme disease, is transmitted to a vertebrate host by the bite of an infected Ixodes scapularis tick. The spirochete develops antibiotic resistance in humans likely due to the formation of an aggregate or biofilm which might enhance its persistence despite antibiotic treatment. However, nothing is known about the factors involved in B. burgdorferi biofilm or aggregate formation. To begin to understand the mechanisms of aggregate formation, we developed an in vitro cell culture model producing a planktonic bacterial population and bacteria that have undergone aggregate formation. Proteins exhibiting fluctuating expression profiles in planktonic vs. aggregates were assessed by SDS-PAGE followed by LC-MS/MS. Preliminary results showed a significant decrease of SpoVG and PlzA expression in the aggregate population compared to the planktonic bacteria. SpoVG is crucial for sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. Interestingly, SpoVG is conserved among many non-spore forming bacteria including B. burgdorferi; however, the function of this protein remains elusive. In B. burgdorferi, SpoVG acted as a nucleic acid binding protein, and our results also suggest that SpoVG binds to a cyclic-di-GMP binding protein, PlzA. Importantly, PlzA exerted significant impact on borrelial infectivity and transmissibility from ticks to mice. Furthermore, DNA-protein interaction data suggest that SpoVG and PlzA modulate the expression of various genes by binding to those gene promoters. Outer surface protein A or ospA is one of the modulated genes that enhances bacterial aggregation in the tick midguts. Our data suggest that not only OspA but also other proteins regulated by SpoVG and PlzA are involved in biofilm formation. In sum, SpoVG and PlzA regulate expression of various genes, including ospA, that could affect diverse cellular processes including biofilm formation to enhance bacterial survival in the host.
Theophilus, Priyanka. (July 2021). DELINEATING THE MECHANISM OF AGGREGATE OR BIOFILM FORMATION IN THE LYME DISEASE SPIROCHETE BORRELIA BURGDORFERI (Doctoral Dissertation, East Carolina University). Retrieved from the Scholarship. (http://hdl.handle.net/10342/9406.)
Theophilus, Priyanka. DELINEATING THE MECHANISM OF AGGREGATE OR BIOFILM FORMATION IN THE LYME DISEASE SPIROCHETE BORRELIA BURGDORFERI. Doctoral Dissertation. East Carolina University, July 2021. The Scholarship. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/9406. September 27, 2023.
Theophilus, Priyanka, “DELINEATING THE MECHANISM OF AGGREGATE OR BIOFILM FORMATION IN THE LYME DISEASE SPIROCHETE BORRELIA BURGDORFERI” (Doctoral Dissertation., East Carolina University, July 2021).
Theophilus, Priyanka. DELINEATING THE MECHANISM OF AGGREGATE OR BIOFILM FORMATION IN THE LYME DISEASE SPIROCHETE BORRELIA BURGDORFERI [Doctoral Dissertation]. Greenville, NC: East Carolina University; July 2021.
East Carolina University