Now showing items 1-10 of 144
Arginase Promotes Neointima Formation in Rat Injured Carotid Arteries
(East Carolina University, 2009-04)
Objective—Arginase stimulates the proliferation of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs); however, the influence of arginase on VSMC growth in vivo is not known. This study investigated the impact of arginase on ...
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin receptors modulate glutamate-induced phase shifts of the suprachiasmatic nucleus
(East Carolina University, 2006-08)
Light information reaches the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) through a subpopulation of retinal ganglion cells. Previous work raised the possibility that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its high-affinity ...
A broader view of animal research
(East Carolina University, 2007-02-10)
The role of mediators of neuronal plasticity in the circadian regulation of suprachiasmatic nucleus by light
(East Carolina University, 2009)
Circadian rhythms are highly conserved physiological functions that are present in almost all living organisms. In mammals, circadian rhythms are synchronized to the environmental light:dark cycle by daily adjustments in ...
Multiple Kinase Involvement in the Regulation of Vascular Growth
(New York: InTech Open Access Publishers, 2012-06)
The initial discovery of protein phosphorylation as a regulatory mechanism for the control of glycogen metabolism has led to intense interest of protein phosphorylation in regulating protein function (Cohen et al., 2001). ...
Th1 Adjuvant N-Acetyl-d-Glucosamine Polymer Up-Regulates Th1 Immunity but Down-Regulates Th2 Immunity against a Mycobacterial Protein (MPB-59) in Interleukin-10-Knockout and Wild-Type Mice
(East Carolina University, 2001-10)
Treatment of mice with heat-killed (HK) Mycobacterium bovis BCG or 1- to 10-μm chitin particles (nonantigenic N-acetyl-d-glucosamine polymers) is known to induce innate immune responses, including gamma interferon (IFN-γ) ...
Oral citrulline as arginine precursor may be beneficial in sickle cell disease: early phase two results.
(East Carolina University, 2001-10)
L-Arginine may be a conditionally essential amino acid in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease, particularly as required substrate in the arginine-nitric oxide pathway for endogenous nitrovasodilation and ...
Predifferentiated Embryonic Stem Cells Prevent Chronic Pain Behaviors and Restore Sensory Function Following Spinal Cord Injury in Mice
(East Carolina University, 2006)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells have been investigated in repair of the CNS following neuronal injury and disease; however, the efficacy of these cells in treatment of postinjury pain is far from clear. In this study, we evaluated ...
The role of the proximal small intestine in improvements in diabetes resolution and insulin sensitivity following bariatric surgery in type 2 diabetes
(East Carolina University, 2011)
Bariatric surgery is an effective, rapid, and durable treatment for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Roux-en Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) resolves T2DM in 80% of cases, while gastric banding (LAGB) resolves T2DM in ...
Transplantation of GABAergic Neurons but not Astrocytes Induces Recovery of Sensorimotor Function in the Traumatically Injured Brain
(East Carolina University, 2007-04-16)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells have been investigated in many animal models of injury and disease. However, few studies have examined the ability of pre-differentiated ES cells to improve functional outcome following traumatic ...